HTML Elements

By | March 28, 2014
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What is HTML Elements?

Elements are the basic structure for HTML markup. Elements have two basic properties: attributes and content. Each attribute and each element’s content has certain restrictions that must be followed for an HTML document to be considered valid. An element usually has a start tag (e.g. <element-name>) and an end tag (e.g. </element-name>). The element’s attributes are contained in the start tag and content is located between the tags (e.g. <element-name attribute=”value”> Content </element-name>). Some elements, such as <br>, do not have any content and have no closing tag.

Example

<span id="myId" style="color:blue;" 
title="a2zwebhelp">A2ZWebHelp </span>

Head elements

<title>…</title>: Define a document title. This element is required in every HTML document. Web browsers usually display the title in a window’s title bar when the window is open, and in the task bar when the window is minimized.

<title> My Home Page </title>

<link>: Specifies links to other documents. To Link an external stylesheets you can write:

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="path to file">

<script>…</script>: Used to add JavaScript or other scripts to the document.

<script language="javascript" >…</script>

<style>…</style>: Specifies a style for the document.

<style type="text/css">…</style>

<meta>: Can be used to specify additional metadata about a document, such as author, publication date, expiration date, page description, keywords, or other information not provided through the other header elements and attributes. Because of their generic nature, meta elements specify associative key-value pairs. Meta elements can specify HTTP headers which should be sent before the actual content when the HTML page is served from Web server to client: for example,

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">

HTML Elements with category

Category Element Name
Top-level Elements HTML
HEAD
BODY
FRAMESET
Head Elements BASE
ISINDEX Removed in HTML 5
LINK
META
SCRIPT
STYLE
TITLE
Generic Block-level Elements ADDRESS
BLOCKQUOTE
CENTER Removed in HTML 5
DELDIV
H1
H2
H3
H4
H5
H6
HR
INS
ISINDEX
NOSCRIPT * Removed in HTML 5
P
PRE
Lists DIR Removed in HTML 5
DL
DT
DD
LI
Tables TABLE
CAPTION
COLGROUP
COL
THEAD
TFOOT
TBODY
TR
TD
TH
Forms FORM
BUTTON
FIELDSET
— LEGEND
INPUT
LABEL
SELECT
— OPTGROUP
— OPTION
 
TEXTAREA
Special Inline Elements A
APPLET Removed in HTML 5
BASEFONT Removed in HTML 5
BDO
BR
FONT Removed in HTML 5
IFRAME Removed in HTML 5
IMG
MAP
— AREA
OBJECT
PARAM
Q
SCRIPT
SPAN
SUB
SUP
Phrase Elements ABBR
ACRONYM Removed in HTML 5
CITE
CODE
DEL
DFN
EM
INS
KBD
SAMP
STRONG
VAR
Font Style Elements B
BIG Removed in HTML 5
I
S
SMALL
STRIKE Removed in HTML 5
TT Removed in HTML 5
U
Frames FRAMESET – Frameset Removed in HTML 5
FRAME – Frame Removed in HTML 5
NOFRAMES – Frames alternate content Removed in HTML 5

 

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